Hive Mind: Fascism (and Other Lost Causes)

I’m back from the past (and glad for it).

While I was away in beautiful British (“Speed limits? We-don’t-need-no-stinkin’-speed-limits!”) Columbia, renewing old contacts and friendships, I happened upon a book in one of my old haunts — historian Mark Bourrie’s Kill The Messengers: Stephen Harper’s Assault on Your Right to Know. It’s a disturbing book about what can only be described as a fascistic tendency in the “new” Conservative Party of Canada and in the present government of Stephen Harper and amongst his “Base”. The book couldn’t be more timely, given that this is an election year in Canada and campaigning by the political parties has already begun.

And then this morning, again, more disturbing revelations from the UK Guardian about the British aristocracy’s and monarchy’s earlier fascist sympathies and secretive ties to Hitler and the Nazi regime.

If duplicity and deceit is “the currency of the day”, as Pope Francis has recently stated, Bourrie’s book demonstrates the truth of that in the Canadian socio-political context. It includes a revealing quote from Mr. Harper himself that I had not heard before,

Journalists make lousy politicians because they think they always need to tell the truth.

That bit of supposed political “wisdom”, I think, says much more about Mr. Harper’s philosophy of politics, his ethics, and his penchant for government by propaganda than it says anything about the veracity of journalists. Some scribes and scribblers in the conservative press have, seemingly approvingly, even referred to Mr. Harper’s government as “executive democracy”. “Executive democracy”, however, is only a euphemism for authoritarianism, if not dictatorship.

This is not just a problem in Canada, either. We hear of a “sneaking” or “creeping fascism” in other jurisdictions also, as being a problem of Late Capitalism or of the late stages of Modernity (or post-modernity) more generally — of a political and social system that has become overripe. In The Dark Age Blog, and here in the present Chrysalis, I’ve argued that it is the logical consequence of a structure of consciousness (the mental-rational) that has reached the end of its tether, and is now devouring and consuming itself in self-contradiction and nihilism.

Supposedly, fascist totalitarianism is promoted as being an effective response to the threat of communist totalitarianism. It’s no such thing. That belongs to an old illusionist’s and con-man’s trick called “direction by indirection” or “direction by misdirection”, or just creating a diversion. All forms of totalitarianism arise from a repugnance for democracy, while claiming to be the true and “ideal democracy” themselves. Even Nazi propaganda minister Goebbels’ described Nazism and der Volksstaat (the exclusive ethnic or racial state) as “ideal democracy”. In the absence of any serious threat of communism today, fascist totalitarians — a very illiberal bunch — require the boogey-man of something called “cultural Marxism” to rationalise and justify their own bid for total power. They are wolves in sheep’s clothing, as it were.

It is in those terms, and in light of the present danger of new forms of totalitarianism, that I keep coming back to that confusion of values that has made the “whole” and the “totality” synonymous, for in that confusion lies the present flaw and deficiency of the mental-rational structure of consciousness, and of reductionism, fundamentalism, and utilitarianism which are the perverse expressions of that deficiency.

Totalitarianism itself, whether of the fascist or communist flavours, is a symptom of the decadence of the Modern Era and of the structure of consciousness that defined that Era. We may say briefly that, in formal terms, “modernity” begins with Descartes’ metaphysical dualism, which in turn led to the philosophies of Hegel and Marx, idealism and materialism, and that Hegel and Marx finally deteriorated into nationalism and communism, and therefore ended in Hitler and Stalin, respectively. The period 1914 – 1945 represents the logical suicide of the Modern Era when the extreme deficiencies of its logic became apparent. Hegel and Marx, nationalism and communism, were both checkmated by the World Wars, as Rosenstock-Huessy thought, and today persist only as zombies — as lost causes and the walking dead, including Mr. Fukuyama’s thesis about “the end of history” (which is accurate only in an ironic sense).

So, Hegelian “spirit” and idealism degenerated into fascism and radical nationalism while Karl Marx’s “classless society” degenerated into Stalinism. Both were originally conceived as emancipatory. They are connected like Siamese Twins, though, as both have their ancestry and common root (in Modern terms) in Descartes’ metaphysical dualism. Each also, in those terms, contained the seed of its own self-negation and self-destruction, like Freud’s eros and thanatos instincts. Perhaps only Nietzsche recognised that when he wrote that the triumph of liberal institutions would simultaneously be their self-negation.

We don’t live in the “modern era” any more, but we think and act as though we do. This makes us inherently duplicitous and hypocritical. Our present struggle against this condition and against the continuing delusions of dualism is sound. All forms of totalitarianism I consider my “spiritual enemy”, for they have also proven to be ineffective and deficient responses (as well as being very destructive) to the disintegrative and centrifugal tendencies of modernity and the mental-rational structure of consciousness. Yet, they persist as lost causes.

An example (one of many that could be cited): Presently, the Harper government is busying itself in planning and constructing a monument to the victims of communism. (Monument building, as part of the new Conservative’s “historical revisionism”, has become a passion of the present government, including the bizarre and kitschy plans for a “Mother Canada” statue rivaling in gigantism, pomposity, and grandiosity anything Stalin himself ever commissioned. In fact, there is no precedent for anything called “Mother Canada”, but there is a “Mother Russia”! Gigantism is itself a symptom of a decadent civilisation).

But as for the monument for the victims of communism…. why not for the victims of totalitarianism more generally? The monument is being sponsored, apparently, by a group called Tribute to Liberty. But it seems that the monument’s sponsors have rather selective criteria and selective perception for who is worthy and unworthy, or deserving and undeserving, of memorialisation in such a monument. What about the victims of fascism? Or, even more to the point, why not also the millions of aboriginal victims of European imperialism and colonisation? In fact, this whole project is merely propagandistic, and, being very biased in its conception, is making an ideological statement about preferential worthy and unworthy, or undeserving and deserving victims, stating, in effect, that the victims of fascist totalitarianism (or colonialism) had it coming to them. The monument is inherently dishonest, duplicitous, deceitful, and self-serving in design and conception even as it pretends to be otherwise.

The monument to the victims of communism, as propaganda, also reflects the differing approaches taken to instances of Islamist terrorism or neo-fascist terrorism amongst conservatives (even though they are both ultra-conservative reactionary violence). The terrorism of al Qaeda was handled differently than the terrorism of Anders Behring Breivik, for example. In the judgement of conservatives, you were practically a traitor if you even mused on possible “root causes” for Islamist terror. There was no “rationale” for the terror. It was simply pure “evil” and that was it. Thinking any further than “pure evil” was itself evil. Contrast that with the way Mr. Breivik’s killing of 77 kids in Norway was handled. “Terrible, yes… but…” The “but” was described as the rationale for Mr. Breivik’s massacre. Apparently, neo-fascist and right-wing terrorism has a “root cause” and is allowed a rationale — immigration, or it’s because of something called “cultural Marxism”. It’s nothing but self-exoneration for a sneaking fascism. And these revisionist and reactionary attitudes run pretty deep in some segments of the population. So, I don’t think we are quite out of the woods yet as far as the totalitarian tendency goes, especially when it is seen as being the “solution” to atomisation, fragmentation and the disintegration of the Modern Era. For once you make the mistake of confusing “the whole” with “the totality”, you must also necessarily confuse integration with assimilation, and unity with uniformity, and then everyone falls in love with uniforms — Black Shirts, Silver Shirts, Brown Shirts.

Another term for “duplicity” is “lip-service”. Lip-service is that particular form of nihilism that Rosenstock-Huessy described as “the conservative disease”. Rhetoric about “values” and “principle” is on everyone’s lips even as they cynically negate those same values and their “principles” in practice. People who are themselves falling apart often look for someone to tell them what to do, and become easy prey for propaganda of this kind, even as they insist on “self-reliance” and “individualism” though they themselves act more like puppets on a string. That’s the “Jekyll and Hyde” problem, otherwise called “cognitive dissonance” (duplicity), and it is a lot more common than we like to think.

Bourrie’s Kill the Messengers is all about that duplicity now become “the new normal”, and especially as exemplified in the case of Mr. Harper. Even by his own admission Mr. Harper isn’t much interested in truth or integrity unless they bring him some personal advantage. In fact, Bourrie even uses the term “sociopathic” to describe this kind of duplicity. But in that sense, Mr. Harper and his “Base” are simply a symptom of the age, which is why the book might be of wider interest than for Canadians alone. For if this duplicity is the “new normal” more generally (as even the Pope seems to think), we are in very, very deep trouble.



18 responses to “Hive Mind: Fascism (and Other Lost Causes)”

  1. donsalmon says :

    My first (guilty) thought was, “how America-Centric I must be… elections, in Canada, really? Hmm, Canada, now where is that again?”

    Well, not quite, but almost as bad. We hear endlessly about Trump and Sanders and Clintonbushwalkerchristiepalin (aren’t they all the same?) but nary a word about our neighbors to the north. I’ll make a point of looking at news about you folks up there more often.

    but my main response was – fantastic analysis of the strange situation we’re in – no longer living in the modern age but acting as if we are.

    So where are we?

    I’d really look forward to reading about what you see as the emerging integral culture (re; Gebser)

    Any signs of it?

    I see it in terms of openness to what Frederick Myers called the “inner realms” – interest in parapsychology, near death experiences, lucid dreams, etc

    And more important, a new “integral” intuition, something like what Arthur Zajonc is teaching to school children and graduate level physicists, with his contemplative learning program

    and perhaps most important, the openness to our innermost heart, which may be ever so faintly glimpsed through Dan Siegel’s “Wheel of awareness” – that innermost hub he speaks about, the center of our awareness which is always calm, open, connected to others, deeply empathic, etc.

    Or is it all gloomy and pessimistic and we have no hope?

    • donsalmon says :

      oh well, actually I’ve been having fun talking with “libertarians” over at Canada Free Press – wow, what a strange bunch – not YET living in the modern age – well, living here but wishing for the 16th century…

      • Scott Preston says :

        OMG — not THEM surely? Sometime, I’ll have to tell you a story about the integrity of the “Free Press” and “principled conservatism” (or lack thereof).

        • donsalmon says :

          oh don’t worry – i’m just having fun seeing if even one person actually directs their response to anything i’ve actually said. So far, nobody! (and I finally cancelled “following comments”:>)))

          now, i’m checking my map – isn’t canada somewhere there between Paraguay and Honduras??

          • Scott Preston says :

            Actually, I like our anonymity. I’ld prefer if we didn’t attract attention. Unfortunately, Mr. Harper suffers from a delusion that he’s important, and should be treated as important by everybody else. So, he makes a lot of noise and does a lot of chest thumping to attract the world’s attention. It’s embarrassing, really. He’s quite narcissistic.

            When he was in opposition, he referred to Canada as being “second rate”. When he became prime minister, suddenly Canada was “the best country in the world”. Er… why? Just because he was elected Prime Minister, apparently. That sounds to me like narcissism. Same with his home city, Calgary. Suddenly, Calgary became “the best city in Canada”. Er… why? Well, because Mr. Harper lived there and was elected from there, whereas no one really thought of Calgary (or any city for that matter) as being “the best”.

    • Scott Preston says :

      Gebser speaks of the ‘double movement’ of our times. But what is that “double movement” but duplicity in broader social terms? It’s true, though. That double movement of the times exists, and is why we speak of “times” in the plural. It’s also the “two souls” issue of Goethe’s Faust, as I commented on earlier.

      Gebser prophecy about “integral consciousness” wasn’t a guarantee or clairvoyance. He realised it could be abortive, in which case another opportunity might not arise for another 1,000 years. My guess is we won’t have another 1,000 years if it is abortive, since we can’t proceed along the path we are on without risking extinction. Gebser was aware of that, too. He thought, like others, that the destruction of the Earth and humankind on the Earth was a distinct possibility, and even likely. Krishnamurti seemed to think it was an inevitability — at least, they all seem to feel that some sort of decisive catastrophe or calamity is likely to occur — the climax to the present crisis.

      There is such a thing as the “deficient integral” as there is deficient modes of the magical, mythological, and mental-rational modes. We have to be careful about some of those expressions of the “deficient integral”, which are superficially integralist only. The Nazis claimed Meister Eckhart as one of their own, and lots of fascists were involved in “spiritual” matters (mostly of an occult character) that looked superficially like “spirituality”, but which was pretty demonic in motivation. A lot of contemporary neo-fascists or crypto-fascists are now involved in Green Party politics, too. How they reconcile ecological thinking with totalitarian thinking is something I’m rather curious about. But then, I’ve read some ecology stuff that sounds pretty fascistic to me, too.

      Anything can be perverted, actually. Anything.

      • donsalmon says :

        Ah, a potentially very interesting dialog. We may fundamentally disagree about what is happening now. Good! I do agree that Gebser, Aurobindo and others never thought the mutation/evolution or whatever you want to call it was inevitable. But my reading of them both is that they were actually fairly optimistic.

        Well, I am anyway.

        Here’s a very brief overview of 4 areas where I see the faintest signs of the “emergence” of something more. Not by any means all “integral” but important foundations, nonetheless, for an integral future. My friend Rod Hemsell made an excellent distinction – rather than saying any of these are necessarily signs the integral “age” itself is upon us – an integral force (which Gebser himself identified with what Sri Aurobindo called the “supramental force”) is creating “pressure” (hence all the destruction you so rightly identify) which has that “double” result of there being more totalitarianism, more greed, more dualistic thinking and acting, but at the same time (a) greater openness to the subtle, inner or “subliminal” realms, (b) a greater refinement of the truly balanced reasoning mind; (c) a greater openness to the inmost heart, the true psyche that “knows” its Oneness with all manifestation; and (d) an openness to true intuition, the intuition that is a precursor to the knowledge by identity so fundamental to a truly integral consciousness.

        Starting with (a) openness to the inner, I truly think the astonishing progress in parapsychology, to the point (unthinkable to those of us following the skeptics for nearly half a century) that virtually every long time skeptic has all but thrown in the towel, acknowledging that there are excellent studies in telepathy, precognition, remote viewing and psychokinesis that are inexplicable and cannot be discounted altogether. This plus the increasingly widespread interest in near death experiences and lucid dreams will help open our limited, cabined in surface waking consciousness, preparing us to open to an integral way of seeing/feeling/knowing.

        (b) more balanced minds, greater intelligence of the ordinary kind, more integrated if not integral. I think one of the most promising movements today is the interpersonal neurobiology of Dan Siegel and his several dozen colleagues. We’ve summarized it on our site in the “Brain pages” ( so I won’t say much more but it’s the only movement in modern psychology I know of for the past 100 years that is completely harmonious with the “psychologies” (they really aren’t so much psychology as cosmo-psychology, but that’s another thing; really, astrology, but that’s really another thing) of the great mystics, East and West. Rising IQ scores over the past century – whatever you think of IQ – testing, if understood correctly, is also I think actually a positive sign of greater complexity of thought among younger generations.

        (c ) Greater openness to the true Heart, the innermost psyche – hard to use the word “evidence” for this category. I’ll just say that Llewelyn Vaughan-Lee, a Welsh Sufi mystic jan and I studied with in the early 90s, has written recently about the Pope and climate change in a way that is so deeply reverential and beyond boundaries of religion and faith – I think it’s a sign fo something that is emerging world wide but I don’t want to try to put into words any “rational” reasons why I think this is so.

        (d) even harder to “prove” there is a greater openness to a higher “intuitive” consciousness, but I’ll just give one example – the amazing receptivity I’ve seen to efforts like that of physicist Arthur Zajonc to bring contemplative learning (which employs, to some extent, an integral intuitive outlook for the study of the arts and sciences) into schools from grade school to graduate studies.

        • Scott Preston says :

          Yes, all these things are definitely happening (and amongst the so-called “cultural creatives”), perhaps outside the boundaries of the usual mainstream discourse, and I definitely hold that a powerful integrating awareness can arise victorious over the “deficient mental-rational” and “the culture of narcissism”, for all the reasons you give and more.

          But we aren’t there yet, of course. And more to the point, that integrating awareness has now come under attack by powerful interests, at least in the Canada of my experience. Whether they can prevail in the longer term is the question.

          That’s the pattern of the Harper regime — with its muzzling of scientists, its defunding of any kind of ecological research or scientific activity that doesn’t yield narrowly conceived economic benefits (economism), its destruction of research libraries (book burning, conservative style) its harassment of environmental groups, charities and indigenous groups that don’t adhere to Mr. Harper’s ideology and blueprint for a “conservative Canada” (but which isn’t conservationist) which belongs to his attempt to micromanage all aspects of Canadian social life (despite his supposedly “libertarian” posturing). Harper’s “Base” is a very nasty bunch, in my experience.

          These repressive measures, to be sure, haven’t reached yet the level of truncheons, concentration camps, and Orwell’s “boot stomping on a human face forever” (although some might disagree who have been “kettled” at protests). It’s a genteel kind of repression — at least, so far. These are subtle ways of repressing dissent. But it has the potential to become much, much worse.

          • donsalmon says :

            “it has the potential to become much, much worse.”


            “a powerful integrating awareness can arise victorious over the “deficient mental-rational” and “the culture of narcissism”,”

            Also true:>))

            • donsalmon says :

              Personally, i do believe “it” will be much much worse, though I do also have a deep faith that we don’t have to be totally part of “it”

              I also am absolutely confident that now only is it possible that such a powerful integrating awareness CAN arise, it is not only here, it is in some ways (we’ve disagreed about this before – so we can still have some fun disagreeing again!) it is all there is.

              I know i know, new age simplistic non dualism…..


              “The wide world-rhythms wove their stupendous chant
              To which life strives to fit our rhyme-beats here,
              Melting our limits in the illimitable,
              Tuning the finite to infinity.”


              No more slept drugged by Matter’s dominance.
              In the dead wall closing us from wider self,
              Into a secrecy of apparent sleep,
              The mystic tract beyond our waking thoughts,
              A door parted, built in by Matter’s force,
              Releasing things unseized by earthly sense:
              A world unseen, unknown by outward mind
              Appeared in the silent spaces of the soul.
              He sat in secret chambers looking out
              Into the luminous countries of the unborn
              Where all things dreamed by the mind are seen and true
              And all that the life longs for is drawn close.
              He saw the Perfect in their starry homes
              Wearing the glory of a deathless form,
              Lain in the arms of the Eternal’s peace,
              Rapt in the heart-beats of God-ecstasy.
              He loved in the mystic space where thought is born
              And will is nursed by an ethereal Power
              And fed on the white milk of the Eternal’s strengths
              Till it grows into the likeness of a god…
              He gazed across the empty stillnesses
              And heard the footsteps of the undreamed idea
              In the far avenues of the beyond.
              he heard the secret Voice, the Word that knows,
              And saw the secret face that is our own…
              A consciousness of beauty and of bliss,
              A knowledge which became what it perceived,
              Replaced the separated sense and heart
              And drew all Nature into its embrace…
              Of all that suffers to be still unknown
              And all that labors vainly to be born
              And all the sweetness none will ever taste
              And all the beauty that will never be.
              Inaudible to our deaf mortal ears
              The wide world-rhythms wove their stupendous chant
              To which life strives to fit our rhyme-beats here,
              Melting our limits in the illimitable,
              Tuning the finite to infinity.

              Sri Aurobindo, Savitri

            • Scott Preston says :

              You might find this long read from the Guardian on “post-capitalism” interesting in that respect. It makes some bold predictions


            • Scott Preston says :

              A knowledge which became what it perceived,

              That line jumped out at me, because it is what I’ve referred to as “empathetic epistemics” — the hermetic method, in effect: “to know a thing you must become the thing you want to know”.

              That sounds a bit “mystical”, but it’s what Blake meant by “the Imagination”. And, to a certain extent, it was what Einstein meant when he insisted that “imagination is more important than knowledge”. Einstein came up with his famous theory by imagining himself riding a beam of light, from the “point of view” of light itself. Copernicus imagined himself looking outwards from the sun, and came up with his heliocentric theory. Einstein became light, Copernicus became the sun. That’s the power of empathy and imagination.

  2. LittleBigMan says :

    Yeaaaah! Chief is back in Sask and class begins again 🙂

    Yes, we are all connected and the politics in Canada, and the methodologies used to atomize and fragment that society were in all likelihood first tried and perfected elsewhere in the world, too.

    From the article entitled “Kill the Messengers: Mr. Harper’s Assault on Your Right to Know” a key remark is:

    “If you are determined to pass certain kinds of laws, then suppressing the flow of information about how effective the laws are will make them more difficult to criticize.”

    This is precisely how I’ve noticed the assault on the hard earned freedoms in the United States is taking place. The media are owned by the same elite entities that are supporting this assault on the commonwealth.

    That, totalitarianism is our “spiritual enemy” is quite valid and something I have experienced. First comes the cry to rally the masses about an ideology; then comes the expectation that much, in terms of personal wealth and life and blood, needs to be sacrificed in the way of nurturing the ideology; then the path leads to a cull de sac and comes the realization that everyone has lost the possibility for a bright and productive future and the society has turned into a walking dead society of zombies. The total death of spirituality becomes inevitable.

    But I have also seen that social irruptions of volcanic nature are a kind of “fail-safe,” albeit unpredictable, measure that can avert such disastrous and total death of spirituality in the society.

    This that you say:

    “It’s a genteel kind of repression — at least, so far. These are subtle ways of repressing dissent. But it has the potential to become much, much worse.”

    is a very real threat. Things will become much, much worse, if social justice groups and advocates are not vigilant enough to catch and publicize the passing of “certain kinds of laws” whose sole purpose is to saddle and subjugate the society long term.

    • Scott Preston says :

      Yes. Propaganda is a very powerful psychological technology which can even get people to vote against their own interests and welfare. Goebbels once boasted that he could make the entire German nation leap off a pier if he required it of them. The same thing happens when people vote against their own implicit values and interests in an election, which has sometimes puzzled and perplexed sociologists and political scientists who seem to ignore the power of propaganda, or what we today call “perception management” and “branding”. It has become even more potent than in Goebbels’ day, employing research from the human sciences or from neurology and biology (such as direct appeals to, and stimulation of, the “lizard brain”).

      They should teach propaganda analysis in schools, simply as a matter of mental hygiene.

      • LittleBigMan says :

        “They should teach propaganda analysis in schools, simply as a matter of mental hygiene.”

        This is such a critical point.

        What I mean is we know so much about issues people should avoid in respect to financial, health, social, career, and family matters over the lifespan of someone who lives a long natural life. But how much of that knowledge is actually used to design school curricula that help citizens of a country to avoid those types of issues? Very little. We’ve got “sex education,” but what else have we got?

        For example, some years back, K-12 schools here in the United States began removing soda machines from school premises because it was determined – and in my opinion it was true – that the ubiquitousness of soda machines on school premises and serving sugary drinks in school cafeterias were significant factors in an epidemic of child obesity in the United States; the same thing happened with fried foods and such. But how much of the rational and research that went into those decisions were incorporated in the secondary school curricula? I don’t have an answer for that, but I’m guessing perhaps very little to nothing.

        The same thing is true about “financial literacy.” How much of bad financial decision making and ways of avoiding it are included in secondary school curricula? Probably zero.

        In the same fashion, propaganda analysis and political awareness are also ignored in school curricula. Except communication skills and numerical literacy, everything else taught in schools – including history – seems to be a mishmash of useless information. Our tax dollars at work!

        • Scott Preston says :

          A timely comment, as I was thinking this morning of writing something about exactly that, especially about “financial literacy”.

          Take the calculation of “net worth”, which I’ve mentioned briefly before. No one is taught to include their share in the commonwealth (public goods and infrastructure) as part of their “net worth”. As such, they get a totally distorted understanding of finance. Millions of people were raised out of poverty when governments took on the costs of providing health, education, roadways, utilities, etc by pooling “taxes” — a small investment, usually, with big returns (assuming taxation is reasonable and fair). If we had to pay user fees and tolls each individually for those services, there would be no middle class at all. And the perverse effect of anti-tax movements (and privatisation of services and the commonwealth) is the contraction of the middle class.

          It’s not rocket science. And yet most people don’t seem to get it — the pernicious result of an exaggerated individualism and the delusion of being “self-made”.

          So, one’s share in public goods (the commonwealth) should be calculated as part of one’s “net worth” to be accurate. People would be more skeptical and critical of things like neo-liberalism (privatisation, public-private partnerships, etc) if they realised that their share in the commonwealth was actually being expropriated by such privatisation policies under the guise of “austerity”. The real balance of assets and liabilities would be clearer when their share in the commonwealth (or public infrastructure) is included in their net worth.

          “Privatisation” is usually asset stripping by corporations, which, in turn, externalise their costs, contributing to public indebtedness. The public loses on both counts — it loses its assets, and assumes the liabilities also. Double whammy. So, I’m not surprised that the middle class is contracting, and with that, democracy also. That’s what is being called “Plutonomy”.

          So, to a certain extent, the old saying that “the love of money is the root of all evil” is true. It’s very anti-social.

        • Scott Preston says :

          Mental hygiene is as important as physical hygiene, if not moreso. Why don’t they teach mental hygiene in the schools? That is what “critical thinking” is in its true meaning. Instead, they educate kids to become mere grist for the mill and as sheep to the slaughter.

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